READING/LITERATURE
Phonics will serve as the basis for initial reading instruction. Students will learn to associate sounds to consonants and to recognize and name letters to represent consonant sounds. Students will learn the short sound of each vowel. Students will learn to recognize words written in upper and lower case letters and to recognize the words from the Ross list of basic words. While reading orally, students will be guided to use the correct pronunciation, phrasing and voice intonation. Students will listen to stories read aloud for enjoyment and to practice recalling facts and information. They will anticipate events and draw conclusions from the given facts.

ENGLISH/LANGUAGE ARTS:
Some writing will be expected every day. Students will learn to trace neatly over print. They will learn to form letters from top to bottom and write from left to right, leaving space between words. They will dictate meaningful ideas and copy their dictation. Vocabulary words used in reading, new spelling words, and special words will be used for individual sentence construction. As the year progresses students will write stories, keep journals and write letters. They will learn to compose stories that are interesting and make sense to the reader.

MATHEMATICS
Students will develop the basic understanding of the relationship between numbers and quantities. Emphasis will be placed on the operations of addition and subtraction. The concepts of time and money will be explored. They will understand that objects have properties, such as length, weight and capacity, and that comparisons may be made by referring to these properties. Students will identify the geometric features of common objects. Students will make decisions about how to set up a problem and will solve problems in reasonable ways. Word problems will be used to insure understanding. A great deal of concentration will be placed on insuring confidence and joy in learning and using mathematics as a tool.

SCIENCE
The kindergarten students will concentrate on those science concepts that make up the basis for health and safety. News articles and other current events involving the environment will serve as a means to introduce ideas and vocabulary. Students’ interests in pets, plants, space, dinosaurs and other “exciting” topics will be used to engender enthusiasm and study.

SOCIAL SCIENCE
The concepts of family, school and community will serve as the foundation for social studies. Activities including small group work, simple note keeping, writing, art and music will be used to help students learn and express their increasing understanding of these concepts. Emphasis will be placed upon respect of self, of others, cooperation, and participation in class activities.

OTHER
Formal instruction in SPANISH will be provided weekly. PHYSICAL EDUCATION instruction will be taught five days a week. MUSIC, DRAMA and ART instruction will occur once a week. FIELD TRIPS will be scheduled throughout the year. Classroom COMPUTERS are available daily, primarily for a variety of games designed to help students learn to be comfortable with computers and their keyboards. The 16 HABITS OF MIND are incorporated across the curriculum, from math and reading to art and PE.

Reading/Literature
Phonics will serve as the basis for reading instruction in the primary grades. Once that foundation is in place, other word attack skills will be introduced and developed to improve vocabulary and comprehension. A continuing emphasis will be placed upon helping each student become an independent reader. Reading aloud by the teacher and other competent readers will be used to introduce and support the excitement which comes from books.

English/Language Arts
Writing will be practiced every day. Proper use of punctuation and capitalization will be introduced. Vocabulary words used in reading, new spelling words, and special words will be used for individual sentence construction. As the year progresses students will write stories and poems, keep journals and write letters. They will write stories which are interesting and make sense to the reader.

Mathematics
Students will develop the basic understandings of numerals and numbers. Emphasis will be placed on the operations of addition and subtraction. The concepts of time, measurement and money will be explored. Word problems will be used to insure understanding. The concept of simple fractions such as one-half and one-quarter will be introduced. A great deal of concentration will be placed on insuring confidence and joy in learning and using mathematics as a tool.

Social Science
The concepts of family, school and community will serve as the foundation for social studies. Students will develop an understanding of how roles, ethnic heritage, environment and other factors influence daily living. Activities including small group work, simple note keeping, writing, art and music will be used to help students learn and express their increasing understanding of these concepts. Emphasis will be placed upon respect of self, of others, cooperation, and participation in class activities.

Science
Students will concentrate on those science concepts which make up the basis for health and safety. News articles and other current events involving the environment will serve as a means to introduce ideas and vocabulary. Topics to be explored include the five senses, differentiating between living and non-living things, and distinguishing between plausible and non-plausible explanations. Students’ interests in pets, space, dinosaurs and other “exciting” topics will be used to engender enthusiasm for scientific study.

Other
Formal instruction in SPANISH will be provided several times a week. PHYSICAL EDUCATION instruction will occur every day. MUSIC, DRAMA and ART instruction will be included once each week. Classroom COMPUTERS will be used primarily for a variety of games designed to help students learn to be comfortable with computers. Several FIELD TRIPS will be scheduled throughout the year. The 16 HABITS OF MIND are incorporated across the curriculum, from math and reading to art and PE.

Reading/Literature
Word attack skills will be introduced and developed to improve vocabulary and comprehension. Word recognition and meaning will be emphasized, including words with multiple meanings. A continuing emphasis will be placed upon helping each student become an independent reader. Reading aloud by the teacher and other competent readers will be used to introduce and support the excitement which comes from books. Students will read aloud with proper phrasing and expression. The difference between fiction and non-fiction will be illustrated.

English/Language Arts
Writing will be expected every day. Proper sentence structure, punctuation and capitalization will be emphasized, including both declarative and interrogative forms. Students will begin to write in paragraphs. Vocabulary words used in reading, spelling lessons, and special words from content areas will be used for individual sentence construction. Students will write stories, poems, keep journals, and write letters and reports. Various types of writing (expository, narrative, descriptive) will be explored. Students will begin to edit their writing. Dictionary skills will be introduced.

Mathematics
Students will continue to develop basic understanding of numerals and numbers, including place values. Emphasis will be placed on the operations of addition and subtraction along with whole number multiplication. The concepts of time and money will be explored. Students will estimate using standard units of measure. Word problems will be used to insure understanding and develop critical thinking. Students will interpret simple graphs.

Social Science
Students will explore the natural landscape and the human history of the United States. They will begin to understand the interdependence of people, animals and land. The desert, prairie and woodlands will be studied in depth, as well as the native Americans who lived in these environments. Students will study the European settlement of the US, the nation today and our current use of the land to meet our needs. Preservation of resources and natural beauty will be emphasized.

Science
The wonder of the natural world will be the stepping stone for learning. Units will include reusing, recycling, the food web, sharks, honeybees and digestion. Science instruction will promote critical and creative thinking. As part of this process students will view videos, write a research report, and go on field trips.

Other
Formal instruction in SPANISH will be provided several times a week. PHYSICAL EDUCATION instruction will occur every day. MUSIC, DRAMA and ART instruction will be included once each week. Classroom COMPUTERS will be used to introduce elementary word processing in conjunction with written class assignments. Several FIELD TRIPS will be scheduled throughout the year. The 16 HABITS OF MIND are incorporated across the curriculum, from math and reading to art and PE.

Reading/Literature
Students will continue to develop the skills necessary for successful reading. Emphasis will be placed upon comprehension and appreciation. Students will experience a variety of literature including fables, fairy tales, fiction, non-fiction, and poetry. A variety of book report forms will be used. Students will study phonics and grammar to strengthen reading and writing skills. Narration and dialogue will be differentiated, as will fact and opinion.

English/Language Arts
Writing as a process will be studied as students learn the basics of prewriting, drafting, and editing their work. Proper sentence structure, punctuation, spelling, and paragraph development will be integral parts of the program. Basic parts of speech will be explored. Word roots and differences in plural and possessive forms will be introduced. Students will utilize both descriptive and persuasive writing. Speaking clearly, and speaking before an audience will be emphasized.

Mathematics
Students will continue developing the basic skills involved in the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers. Knowledge of fractions will be extended, along with simple geometric concepts. Decimal concepts concerning money will be explored.

Social Science
Students will explore the natural landscape and the human history of the United States. They will begin to understand the interdependence of people, animals and land. The desert, prairie and woodlands will be studied in depth, as well as the native Americans who lived in these environments. Students will study the European settlement of the US, the nation today and our current use of the land to meet our needs. Preservation of resources and natural beauty will be emphasized.

Science
The wonder of the natural world will be the stepping stone for learning. Units will include reusing, recycling, the food web, sharks, honeybees and digestion. Science instruction will promote critical and creative thinking. As part of this process students will view videos, write a research report, and go on field trips.

Other
Formal instruction in SPANISH will be provided several times a week. PHYSICAL EDUCATION instruction will occur every day. MUSIC, DRAMA and ART instruction will be included once each week. Classroom COMPUTERS will be used to introduce elementary word processing in conjunction with written class assignments. Several FIELD TRIPS will be scheduled throughout the year. The 16 HABITS OF MIND are incorporated across the curriculum, from math and reading to art and PE.

Reading/Literature
Students will continue to develop the skills necessary for effective reading. Emphasis will be placed upon appreciation and comprehension, including use of context clues to derive meaning. Students will identify main ideas and summarize readings. Students will be able to infer details not stated in readings. A variety of literature, including fables, fairy tales, legends, fiction, non-fiction, and poetry will be used. Students will complete book reports in several formats.

English/Language Arts
Prewriting, drafting, and editing written work, the process of proofreading, will be emphasized. Proper sentence structure, punctuation, spelling, and paragraph development will be integral parts of the program. Knowledge of parts of speech will be reinforced and expanded. Four types of sentences will be identified: declarative, interrogative, imperative, exclamatory. Students will learn to properly use quotation marks. Taking and organizing notes will be emphasized. Oral language skills include story telling and dramatic presentations.

Mathematics
Students will continue developing the basic skills involved in the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, with particular emphasis on multiplication and division. Decimal and fractions concepts will be reinforced, and students will learn the relationship between fractions and decimals. Students will compose and interpret various types of graphs.

Social Science
Students will learn about the natural landscapes of our country–coastal areas, prairies, forests, mountains, and deserts–and the characteristics of each. They will explore how Native Americans, Pilgrims, and others learned to live on these landscapes. Students will study California history and its relationship to United States history. Students will also study San Francisco, getting to know the people who have contributed to our history and diversity.

Science
Science instruction will promote critical and creative thinking. Students will construct hypotheses, design simple experiments, and generalize results. Areas of study may include concepts for classifying living and non-living things, relationships between atoms, molecules and matter, how living things, including cells, reproduce themselves, and our responsibility for conserving human and natural resources.

Computers
Students will have the opportunity to use computers to become familiar and comfortable with the keyboard and mouse. Formal instruction regarding word processing and use of the Internet for research will be provided.

Other
Formal instruction in SPANISH will be provided several times a week, and PHYSICAL EDUCATION will be taught every day. MUSIC, DRAMA and ART instruction will be provided once each week. Appropriate planned educational and cultural FIELD TRIP Swill be scheduled throughout the year. The 16 HABITS OF MIND are incorporated across the curriculum, from math and reading to art and PE.

Reading/Literature
The reading program consists of three main parts: group reading, pleasure reading, and read-aloud. Emphasis is placed on comprehension and appreciation. Through reading, discussions, and activities, the students are introduced to the various literary terms, styles of writing, and basic formats for writing comprehensive book reports.

English/Language Arts
The students will develop their language skills through writing, reading, spelling, speaking, and grammar activities. Effective expression of language is studied by taking a closer look at sentences, paragraphs, and then longer pieces of writing. One of the main goals of the language program is to help the students become more comfortable expressing their own ideas.
Mathematics
The students will continue to develop the basic skills involved in the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. The concepts of fractions, decimals, percents, integers, measurement, and geometry are extended. Developing good problem solving skills is a major emphasis throughout the year.
Social Science
Through reading, writing, video, class presentations, and other activities, the students will study United States history and its relationship to the world. Topics will include the Native Americans, explorers, the colonies, independence, the western movement, the Civil War, the industrial revolution, immigration, the world wars, civil rights, and the environment.
Science
Through reading, experiments, note-taking, demonstrations, and individual and small group activities, students will focus their attention on general science topics, including plants, animals, matter, oceans, energy and motion. A short human sexuality unit will also be included.
Computer
Throughout the year, the students will use the computer for a variety of assignments. Computer skills related to the keyboard, the mouse, touch typing, pull-down menus, windows, graphic design, fonts, cutting and pasting, saving files, printing, as well as others, are introduced.
Other
Formal instruction in SPANISH will be provided several times a week, and PHYSICAL EDUCATION will be taught every day. MUSIC, DRAMA and ART instruction will be provided once a week. Appropriate planned educational and cultural FIELD TRIPS will be scheduled throughout the year. The 16 HABITS OF MIND are incorporated across the curriculum, from math and reading to art and PE.

Reading/Literature
Students will read selected stories and books for the purpose of participating in class and small group discussions and will perform tasks to reinforce accurate use of literary terms and techniques, increased vocabulary development as well as phonics and other reading skills. Students will also be involved in an Independent Reading Workshop throughout the year. They will be guided to choose their literature and therefore exert ownership. Weekly responses will be in journals in the form of letters to the teacher and/or peers. Analysis and critique will be emphasized.

English/Language Arts
Students will further develop their skills in writing sentences, various types of paragraphs, narratives, book reviews and research reports. Planning, revising and editing is stressed throughout. In the area of grammar, students study parts of speech and punctuation. Spelling, handwriting, and drama are also reinforced.

Mathematics
Students will work with whole numbers, fractions, decimals and integers in all of the operations. Other areas of study include simple geometry, percent, measurement, problem solving and applied math. Students also practice their writing and speaking skills as they demonstrate concepts to the class or work on problem solving in small groups.

Social Science
Students study ancient civilizations of the world, beginning with the earliest people, Mesopotamia, Egypt, early Asian civilizations as well as ancient Greece. Geography is emphasized. Emphasis is also placed on the relationships found between the past and the present through various simulations and cooperative activities.

Science
Students will work individually and in small groups to develop scientific concepts in the earth sciences, including the universe, structure of the earth, the changing earth and geologic time. Critical thinking and the scientific method are both encouraged.

Computers
Throughout the year the students will use the computer for assignments involving writing, problem solving and touch typing. The use of the Internet and the World Wide Web is introduced.

Other
Formal instruction in SPANISH will be provided several times a week, and PHYSICAL EDUCATION will be taught every day. MUSIC, DRAMA and ART instruction will be provided once a week. Appropriate planned educational and cultural FIELD TRIPS will be scheduled throughout the year. The 16 HABITS OF MIND are incorporated across the curriculum, from math and reading to art and PE.

Literature
Students will become familiar with well known authors and their work through reading selections from the text as well as supplemental readings. Plot, point of view and setting are among the key elements of fiction to be examined through assigned readings and independently completed book reviews.

English/Language ArtsIn a variety of creative, expository and persuasive writings students will focus on writing as a process that involves planning and revision. There will be an emphasis on fluency, coherence and voice as well as the mechanics of writing. The study of grammar and vocabulary building will be integrated into small group and class discussions of writing assignments. Students will also explore the areas of public speaking and drama.

Mathematics
(Pre-Algebra) Students will work with equations, proportions, integers, and formulas in preparation for a full year high school algebra course.

Social Science
Students will explore the development of ancient cultures and civilizations, with particular emphasis on their contributions to Western Civilization. Note taking skills will be taught. A formal term paper will be required.

Science
Students will explore using the scientific method to become familiar with the characteristics and classification of living things, including simple organisms, plants, and animals. Human biology and heredity will be explored and related to the seventh grade studies in human sexuality.

Computers
Students will have continued instruction in the use of more advanced word processing techniques. Work with the Internet and World Wide Web will be continued.

Other
Formal instruction in SPANISH will be provided several times a week, and PHYSICAL EDUCATION will be taught every day. MUSIC, DRAMA and ART instruction will each be provided weekly. Appropriate planned educational and cultural FIELD TRIPS will be scheduled throughout the year. All students will participate in a HUMAN SEXUALITY and DRUG EDUCATION class once a week throughout the school year, and will be encouraged to participate in a week-long OUTDOOR EDUCATION program provided by NatureBridge/Yosemite. The 16 HABITS OF MIND are incorporated across the curriculum, from math and reading to art and PE.

Literature
Students will become more familiar with well known authors and their work through reading selections from the text as well as supplemental readings. Key elements of fiction such as characterization, symbolism, tone and irony will be explored through readings assigned in class and book reviews completed independently.

English/Language Arts
In a variety of creative, expository and persuasive writings students will focus on writing as a process that involves planning and revision. There will be an emphasis on fluency, coherence and voice as well as the mechanics of writing. The study of grammar and vocabulary building will be integrated into small group and class discussions of writing assignments. Students will also explore the areas of public speaking and drama.

Mathematics
(Pre-Algebra) Students will work with equations, proportions, integers, and formulas in preparation for a full year high school algebra course.
(Algebra) Students will complete a first year high school algebra course, including factoring polynomials, applying fractions, linear equations and systems, and rational and irrational numbers.

Social Science
Students will become more familiar with the people and events which formed contemporary American society. Cause and effect relationships will be explored. The roles of women as well as racial/ethnic minorities will be emphasized. A formal term paper will be required.

Science
Through the study of introductory chemistry, students will relate properties and structure of matter to periodic law and the periodic table of elements. Students will work with elementary physics to identify and use formulas dealing with motion, fluid forces, work, power and energy.

Computers
Graphics, spreadsheet, data base and web publishing applications will be explored. Students will continue developing advanced word processing skills and will write, edit, compile and distribute the Kittredge Kronicle, a fully illustrated student newspaper.

Other
Formal instruction in SPANISH will be provided several times a week, and PHYSICAL EDUCATION will be taught every day. MUSIC, DRAMA and ART instruction will be provided weekly. Appropriate planned educational and cultural FIELD TRIPS will be scheduled throughout the year. All students will participate in a HUMAN SEXUALITY and DRUG EDUCATION class once a week throughout the school year, and will be encouraged to participate in a week-long OUTDOOR EDUCATION program provided by NatureBridge/Yosemite. The 16 HABITS OF MIND are incorporated across the curriculum, from math and reading to art and PE.